Monday, May 25, 2020
Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1251 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2019/04/15 Category Psychology Essay Level High school Tags: Depression Essay Did you like this example? This course paper will delve into a case study involving a woman who was selected from an experiment involving depression after showing a higher positive outcome from said experiment. The Individual used in this case study was a White British woman in her 50s named Theresa. She signed up for a computerized positive mental imagery training program that was being tested to see if it had any positive impact on an individuals depression. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Psychological Research on Depression: Experiment Case Study" essay for you Create order This individual has been described as having major depression for at least two years one specialist claimed, but she acknowledged that she has had recurrent depression for years dating back to her early 20s. Per the case study, the diagnostic interview revealed she suffered from various comorbidities such as; travel phobias, social phobias, general anxiety disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. All of which has been considered to contribute to her major depression diagnosis. She often feared as coming across as stupid in conversations with her peers, as well worrying often about her life such as her health, her job/debt and her daughters lives as well. She has also acknowledged that she drinks more than she should and has recently been taking less hours at work (in part to help take care of her mother with Alzheimers disease). She has tried medicines in the past but often rejected it saying medicine would not solve the problem. The diagnostic interview revealed key events told by Theresa that we can certainly say had some impact on her well-being now. We will use her symptoms as well as her past to interpret and analyze how other schools of thought would explain the etiology or the origins of her mental illness. The schools of thought that will be covered are psychodynamic, which is one of the earliest approaches to understanding the mind, and made famous by Sigmund Freud who fabricated theories which formed the psychodynamic path to psychology. Studying the role the unconscious plays on the mind, behavior and personality. Behavioral, initially studied by Ian Pavlov and soon after by John Watson; refers the study of behaviors that are learned through everyday life, and interactions with the world. And finally, biological, which can be dated back to Charles Darwin who believed in natural selection and based his theories on it. The biological school of thought specifically studies our genetics and evolution t o see what role they may play on our behavior, thoughts and feelings. We will first cover the psychodynamic school of thought. This school of thought is based primarily on the unconscious mind and how it affects personality. Some basics to cover are that the psychodynamic school of thought is based on the assumption that our past experiences have a strong influence on our behavior, feelings and even decisions, while hiding deep in the unconscious. Many who followed this theory believed early on that our personality can be affected and manipulated based on an individuals history, and that is something that can be said about Theresa. From a young age, she has had anxiety in social settings and was even physically assaulted at work leading to her post traumatic stress disorder. These disorders still affect her and from a psychodynamic view they would say that those past experiences lead her to a more isolated lifestyle. Shes afraid to be in conversations fearing a negative opinion of her from her peers. She also admitted that she had previous administrati ve jobs but recently started taking less hours at work. She admitted of an early social phobia that originated in her teens. Having less interaction with peers her age could possibly be the reason she choose to stay out of conversations and taking less hours at work later on in her life. Those negative feelings and thoughts possibly stayed in her unconscious and influenced how she behaves socially as an adult. As for the drinking, although she didnt admit to having a family history of alcohol dependence, she admitted she does drink more than she should, and it could be possible that she grew up around familys members who may have drank excessively; storing that information in the unconscious and later brining that trait out when she grew up whether she realized it or not. The behavioral school of thought has a slightly different interpretation as to why she may act and have the type of personality that she does. John Watson believed that we have to stop studying the mind in a way that we dont fully understand, he believed that our actions, feelings and behaviors can be directly linked our environment and the triggers that have an impact on individuals. Per the textbook, This approach emphasizes environmental effects on observable behavior. From a behavioral view, Theresas current lifestyle and behaviors have been determined by her reaction to her environment. Past positive experiences could led to possible positive future scenarios, but since shes had anxiety and various other disorders, its fair to say her past has been more negative than positive. For example, she mentioned that she was previously assaulted at work, leading to her post traumatic stress disorder and later admitted that she has been taking less hours at work. This decision of hers may have been influenced from that experience, fearing another assault she choose less hours at work. The same can be said about her social interactions with workers, since she had social anxiety early on, those past experiences could have led her to fear conversations with others, as well as living alone with her mother. As for her travel phobia, which includes public transportation as well as driving her own car, she may have been previously in an accident or may have seen one that could have led to her behavior and fear of traveling. Finally, Theresa admitted that she worries about her daughters lives substantially, and that they dont live close which doesnt help. Her daughters living far away could increase her concern for them, possibly making her think that theres not much she can do to help. The last school of thought that we will analyze is biological. Per Psychological Science (sixth edition), Almost all biological and psychological activity is affected by the actions of multiple genes In addition, scientists are beginning to understand the relationship between situations, genes, and behaviors. The biological school of thought relies heavily on evolution and how our genes and traits play a role on our behavior and feelings. For example, today our society has an abundance of food, some healthy and some not. A lot of individuals eat junk food, and per the textbook, it may be hard to stop eating such food. That may be in part explained by the fact that thousands of years ago we didnt have access to such vast amounts of sugars and types of junk foods. It was more of a survival aspect to earlier humans since it was harder to come by; and those traits seemed to be passed down influencing our cravings for that type of food today. As for Theresas phobia of traveling, that cou ld be explained by our need to survive, she may fear getting into an accident and our survival instinct may be affecting her behavior and feelings towards moving at such a fast speed. Moving on to her constant concern of her daughters lives and her own health, this may be influenced by our desire to reproduce and safe guard our offspring, hoping to spread our genes to more generations, survival of the fittest as Charles Darwin would say.
Friday, May 15, 2020
Malnutrition in the World Nutrition is perhaps the most important factor, which affects the health of a person. The body needs a balanced amount of nutrients and energy for its survival and is essential for good health. A balanced diet is necessary and it takes into account six different food components, which are proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fibers and water. The needs may depend on your gender, your age, your life type, you health conditions and so on. Intakes of energy and nutrients below or in excess of needs for a prolonged period can adversely affect health. Malnutrition is a term that covers problems of both under nutrition and over nutrition. The word hunger can mean the painful sensation caused by the want of food, the want or scarcity of food in a country or a strong desire or craving. In relation to the term World Hunger, the word refers to the want or scarcity of food in a country. In areas of the world, including the United States, where hunger is an issue, malnourishment be comes a very serious concern. There are two main types of malnutrition, Protein- energy malnutrition (PEM) and micronutrient deficiency. While both types of malnutrition are dangerous, PEM is the most important and most notable form of the disease and is eminently fatal. Quite a few trace elements or micronutrients, vitamins and minerals are important for health. Iron, Vitamin A, Iodine, and Zinc are some of the nutrients people that are malnourished need. The UnitedShow MoreRelatedHow Does Nutrition And Exercise Affect Immunity?1362 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHow Does Nutrition and Exercise Affect Immunity? Page 1 Rebecca Massone Health 101-014 Nutrition is defined as the process of providing or obtaining the food essential for wellbeing and development. Immunity is the ability of a person to resist a specific infection or toxin by the action of particular antibodies or sensitized white blood cells. Both nutrition and exercise are key factors to a successful immune system. Additionally, the same type of relationship exists between the rightRead MoreFood Requirements For The Elderly994 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe age increase of the elderly means that their activity level is minimum, this leads to the elderly needing to consume less calories than before. Depending on the physical active level of the senior, The National Policy and Resource Centre on Nutrition and Ageing from Florida University suggests that males aged 50 to 70 need approximately 2,220 calories per day. While females aged 50 to 70 require 1,980 calories per day. After the age of 70 calorie intake decreases due to rates of movement, metabolismRead MoreIndia s Health Issues Of India1259 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthat has experienced positive progress. Despite the manufacturing success, India still faces major health issues. Some of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s primary health problems are malaria, malnutrition/over nutrition, and cardiovascular disease. These health concerns come from poor sanitation and fresh water in different locations in India, without the proper sanitation and preventive measures there will always be health issues among the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s people. Before we get into our topics, letÃ¢â¬â¢s touch briefly on the overallRead MoreNutrition And Its Effects On Health933 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesJust as nutrition can have drastic effects on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s physical health, nutrition can affect oneÃ¢â¬â¢s mental health as well. The most common mental disorders that are prevalent in numerous countries are depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The dietary pattern of the general population in many countries reflect that they are often deficient in many nutrients, especially essential vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 fatty acids. Deficiency in these vitamins canRead MoreNutrition and Health Worksheet Essay1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesUniversity of Phoenix Material Nutrition and Health Worksheet Use Ch. 1 of Contemporary Nutrition, Ch. 2 of Visualizing Nutrition, supplemental course materials, the University Library, the Internet, or other resources to answer the following questions. Your response to each question should be 75 to 100 words. |What is nutrition? Why is nutrition essential to our daily lives? | |Nutrition is the necessary supplements provideRead MoreWhat Makes A Healthy Diet?1370 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthat is constantly on the move, and this can cause an impact on our lives, especially, our health. One thing that is has been and continues to be impacted is our eating habits. There are many effects that eating healthily or poorly can have on our bodies. In each decision we make, when it come to our food, there are consequence to the choices we make. These consequences can be great or disastrous to our health. Each choice we make and have affected on the quality of our skin, the overall wellness ofRead MoreThe Four Main Determinants Of Health1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestastes, moral standards, and economic level, which together constitute the mode of living of an individual or group,Ã¢â¬ (insert reference). Healthy lifestyle choices have a huge impact on the overall health of a person, so it is very important for healthcare workers, especially nurses, to know the causes, af fects, responses, and symptoms that occur in unhealthy and healthy lifestyles. This paper will outline and discuss the four main determinants of health; biology and genetics, individual behavior,Read MoreSports Nutrition And Exercise Physiology1638 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Ã¢â¬Æ' ABSTRACT Sports nutrition combines the sciences of nutrition and exercise physiology. It is a specialization within the field of nutrition that partners closely with the study of human body and exercise science. With so much emphasis placed on sports nowadays, there has been a dramatic increase in the research and development of the perfect nutrition plan a sportsperson may need. It is a well- documented fact that nutrition is fundamental to the athletic performance of a professional athlete.Read MorePoverty And Its Effects On Children Essay1111 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAmerica lived below the poverty line. In an average three-person household, an annual income of $20,090 is federally considered to be at poverty level. In the year of 2014, 44 percent of children under the age of 18 were living at or below the poverty level. Coming from a low economic standing can be detrimental for childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s physical and mental states. Pursuing a higher education without proper funding can become nearly impossible. Most importantly however, without income of some sort childrenRead MorePerformance Triad And The Army Personnel Essay1252 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmaintain healthy lifestyle for soldiers and their family. It is important for all soldiers to be in their best physical and mental condition and be ready for any challenges ahead them. A healthy mind and body improves overall performance of all soldiers. Performance triad is a tool to measure how an individual is doing in these particular areas; activity, nutrition and sleep. These three areas are the foundation of good health and battle readiness for a soldier. Studies have shown how performance
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
General purpose: To inform my classmate. Specific purpose: I will inform my classmate about one of the social justice topic which is eating disorder. Central Idea: informative speech about the three type of eating disorder which are Anorexia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder and Bulimia Nervosa. Then my second point will focus on the causes of eating disorder, after that in my last main point I will discuss its effects on our life. I. Introduction A. Tie to audience Food too much of it, we suffer, and too lack of it, we will suffer. Because of it human has lost their sanity and itÃ¢â¬â¢s the main cause of most health issues, which is eating disorder. B. Preview of main points Today I will answer these questions: what is eatingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Transition to the main point 2 (After listing the definition and the type of eating disorder, we will discover now it causes) B. What are the causes of eating disorders? 1. Environmental Causes a. According to Doctor Thomas Insel and director of NIMH, eating disorder occurs most often when there is an emphasis on thinness, especially if itÃ¢â¬â¢s linked to success. b. Magazines, television, and other media have created an unrealistic image of the perfect, successful person, so the pressure to be thin can lead to intense dieting, which can turn into eating disorder 2. Biological Causes a. According to Doctor Thomas Insel and director of NIMH, scientist and researchers have always been interested in the role of genetics on eating disorders but they are still far away from knowing specific geneses that causes eating disorder b. (even if) The studies have shown that the immune system of eating disor der elevated levels of autoantibodies that affect hormones that regulate appetite control. Also there is a 5-6 greater chance of developing an eating disorder if an immediate relative has it. 3. Psychological Causes a. According to Doctor Thomas Insel and director of NIMH, although patients are different, clinicians have noticed patterns in psychological issues with people who have eating disorders. b. Most of the patients showed self-esteemShow MoreRelatedEating Disorder Research Paper Outline2488 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesTake A Bite On This Attention Getter: February 4, 1983 was the day that opened the eyes of America to the view of the damaging effects of eating disorders. This day marks the death of the very famous singer of the time, Karen Carpenter. Looking glamorous and confident on the outside, most did not know she was suffering from Anorexia Nervosa (B5). Throughout her teenage years, she was overweight. In 1967, weighing 140 pounds, Karen was put on a water diet by her doctor. This brought her down toRead MoreEating Disorders And Body Image Issues1655 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEating disorders: noun. A group of psychological ailments characterized by intense fear of becoming obese, distorted body image, and prolonged food refusal (anorexia nervosa) and/or binge eating followed by purging through induced vomiting, heavy exercise, or use of laxatives (bulimia nervosa).These ailments are not pretty. In this society, where only the fit and thin bodies are accepted and appreciated, eating disorders are more common than they should be. Children, starting at a young age, seeRead MorePeople Diagnosed With Anorexia Nervosa1136 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhen I was in high school I had a friend with a severe eating disorder (AN). She was hospitalized and spent several weeks at Renfrew, a center for education and treatment on eating disorders, trauma, anxiety, depression, and womenÃ¢â¬â¢s issues. They had family/friend hour and I remember going to visit and her showing me an activity they did with her in group therapy. She was first asked to take a life size piece of chart paper and draw an outline of her body, the way she saw herself. She then liedRead MoreMedia Is The Blame For Eating Disorders844 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOutline: 1. Introduction a. Attention getter: i. Perfection. A word that will never be attainable but so many of young women strive for it. Why? Magazines, instagram, twiter, facebook, snapchat. TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s media has dominated the way young women see themselves. Young women are constantly comparing themselves to Kendall Jenner, Kim Kardashian, or even their best friend. b. Relevance statement: i. Many people can relate to media being the blame for eating disorders because theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve either dealt withRead MoreWhat Disorder ( Ocd ) Do You Think Sonya Is Likely Experiencing? Provide Support For The Diagnosis / Essay982 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDaniella Salawu What disorder(s) do you think Sonya is likely experiencing? Provide support for the diagnosis/diagnoses you make, walking me through your reasons. Specifically, you might outline what is needed to meet diagnostic criteria and explain how the patient fits these criteria. (10pts) Sonya is likely experiencing obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). It is the disorder that exhibits recurrent obsessions and/or compulsions (Nevid pg. 189). Obsessions are recurrent and intrusive thoughts (189)Read MoreEating Disorders : Anorexia Nervosa1477 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesare three main types of eating disorders: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder. They all involve serious disturbances in weight regulation and eating habits, accompanied by adverse effects on social, psychological and physical aspects of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life (Ã¢â¬ËEating disorders: About more than foodÃ¢â¬â¢, n.d.). This essay will specifically be focusing on bulimia nervosa, as research shows a higher level of stigma associated with it, compared to other eating disorders (Roehrig McLean, 2009)Read MoreDiagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders1631 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (2013) or DSM-5 outlines the four feeding and eating disorders as, Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, Binge-Eating Disorder, and Other Specified Feeding and Eating Disorder (OSFED). These are complex and highly devastating disorders that cause health, emotional, and relationship problems (NEDA, 2016). These conditions should not be taken lightly due to their potential to cause long term emotional and physicalRead MoreThe Effects Of Media On Body Weight And Disordered Eating1203 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPERSUASIVE SPEECH OUTLINE TEMPLATE Your Name: Lauire Pelosi COMS 101 Section Ã¢â¬âD06 -LUO Date Due: August 14, 2005 ` Organization: Problem Solution Audience analysis: My audience consists of college students both male and female, some are parents as well as students and the audience includes a Professor. All have different demographic backgrounds and cultures vary. Topic: The culture in America sends a very powerful message to women. 1Ã¢â¬Å"A woman s sense of self-esteem is dependent upon her perceivedRead MoreHow Media Has Impacted Growing Up With A Measuring Body Image1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn this advertisement it shows a little girl measuring herself with a measuring tape. By looking at this image, it already outlines that we as society relay on having the perfect ideal women body, which is being thin and skinny. Society also implies that valuing body image and perfection is significant that children at a very young age are already influenced negatively growing up with a corrupted mindset. The little girl in the photo is already measuring her waistline with a measuring tape at suchRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Eating Disorders Essay939 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAre Pain Thresholds Elevated in DSM III - R Chronic Bulimia Patients? While not discussed in class, eating disorders are an incredibly important psychological condition that affects millions of people. One of the most well known eating disorders is Bulimia. Bulimia in itself is characterized by episodes of binging and purging. The acts of binging are often quick consumption of abnormally large portions of food to the point of physical pain and discomfort from stomach stretching. A study
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Auditing and Assurance Services for A Systematic Approach. Answer: Introduction: Auditing is the verification of the accounts and the report prepared by the auditors forms an integral part of the financial statement being audited. Qualified and unqualified audit report is two types of the audit report prepared by the auditors. Qualified audit reports comes with the limitation in the scope of the work performed by auditors. The unqualified report on the other hand propose that the business has presented its financial statements in a fairly manner in all the material aspects (Arens, 2016). In the given case, the unqualified audit report of the Impulse Pty limited for the year 2012 ending 30th June was presented by the King and queen. The company witnessed a drop in the inventory and asset turnover accompanied with lack of liquid assets. King and queen was well acquainted with the facts but no additional action was taken by the audit firms in valuing the assets. EFL granted the loan to the Impulse Pty limited based on the audit report prepared by the King and queen. EFL was unable to recover the amount of loan which was mainly attributable to the negligence of the auditors (Beasley et al., 2012). The cases which are specific to the relevance relating to the answer above is given below: The case is about the auditing done by the KPMG and the case was Law Society vs. KPMG Peat Marwick and Others; CHD 3 NOV, 1999. The compensation fund of the society relies on the decision of the auditors, which the auditing firm was very well acquainted with. Due to the negligence on the part of the auditors, the society was not able to discover the malpractices. In this regard, the auditors was held liable for neglecting the professional responsibility (Eilifsen et al., 2013). Another case can be considered of the Hedley Byrne and Co Ltd v Heller and Partners (1964) AC 465. The procedure and the good conduct of the audit of the company was impacted by auditors negligence. The judgment was passed by the court that the report presented by the auditors has an impact on the decision taken by the firm being audited. The answer to this question would depend on the consent of the audited party. As per the principle of confidentiality, no disclosure about the confidentiality of the firms being audited should be made by the auditors. In some special case, the disclosure can be made by the auditors on the special instruction given by the company being audited (Glover et al., 2014). If the Impulse Pty Limited has asked the King and queen to disclose the information about its financial health, and if they did not disclose the information, then they would be held liable to EFL. On the other hand, if the Impulse Pty Limited has instructed the King and queen not to disclose the information as disclosure of the internal information are against the GAAP principles. In this case, King and Queen cannot be held liable to EFL. Actual independence: The actual independence mainly concerns with the state of mind of the auditors and the way auditors deal with the particular situation. Another name of the actual independence is the real independence. It is the capability of the auditors to make the independent decisions on the audit report of the company despite the fact that they have been placed in the compromising situation by the directors of the company (Louwers et al., 2013). The goal of independence of the auditors is achieved by the actual independence. The credibility and the reliability of the financial statements are validated and assured by the actual independence. The task of the auditing can be performed in an unbiased and objective manner. Perceived independence: The perception of the auditors in tackling and solving the various problems concerning the audit is the perceived independence. A particular situation is perceived by the auditors in different way, which helps them in arriving at the optimal solutions. Since the perception varies across auditors, the perceived independence cannot be judged using any particular process. The consideration of the independence of the auditors by the third party form the client by looking into the arrangement is the perceived independence (Stuart 2012). Bob is performing the two task at a time in the scenario one. He is undertaking the studies at the University and is the audit assistant of the Club Casino. While auditing the accounts of Club Casino, he came across some confidential information, which he used completing his assignment by deleting all the references and doing this made him breach the fundamental principle concerning confidentiality. The confidentiality of the information needs to be maintained by the auditors while performing the process of auditing. Bob has disclosed the financial information by using the same in the assignment and thus breaching the integrity and confidentiality information (Messier 2016). Ace Limited has Wendy as its audit partner for long time. Wendy has been asked to performing the duties of company secretary for the period of six month. The section 130, requires the entity to perform the obligation in accordance with the regulations and rules and should not perform that would disregard its profession. The principle of professional competence is getting breached by the appointment of Wendy for temporary handling the duties of the company secretary. Assigning Leo to perform the task of auditing, when he is entitled to perform the internal control system of the payment of the cash is regarded as breaching the fundamental principle of integrity. It is prescribed by the audit principles, that the son, daughter, relative or an employee cannot become the audit partner of the company. Removal of Leo from the auditors position should be the remedial action. The non-payment of the audit fees by the classic reproduction to their audit firm, Chan and associates lead to former receiving threats. Payment of the fees using the furniture and offering the shares of the unlisted company would not be regarded as morally acceptable. This would lead to the breaching of the principles relating to the audit fees and acceptance of the gifts in kind is regarded as unethical (William et al., 2016). Reference: Arens, A. A. (2016).Auditing and Assurance Services: Student Value Edition. Prentice Hall. Beasley, M., Elder, R., Arens, A. (2012). Auditing and assurance services. Eilifsen, A., Messier, W. F., Glover, S. M., Prawitt, D. F. (2013).Auditing and assurance services. McGraw-Hill. Glover, S. M., Prawitt, D. F., Messier, W. F. (2014).Auditing assurance services: a systematic approach. McGraw-Hill Education. Louwers, T. J., Ramsay, R. J., Sinason, D. H., Strawser, J. R., Thibodeau, J. C. (2013).Auditing and assurance services. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Messier Jr, W. (2016).Auditing assurance services: A systematic approach. McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Stuart, I. (2012).Auditing and assurance services: an applied approach. McGraw-Hill/Irwin. William Jr, M., Glover, S., Prawitt, D. (2016). Auditing and Assurance Services: A Systematic Approach.Auditing and Assurance Services: A Systematic Approach.
Sunday, April 12, 2020
The Course Paper A contrastive Analysis of translating metaphors in Shakespeares Sonnets is devoted to the analysis of English metaphors, their lassification, the difficulties and mistakes that can appear in translating them into Romanian. The reason of the choice of the given topic is determined by an increasing interest in the subject, mainly the ways of using and translating metaphors of Shakesperean sonnets. The main goal of the study is to compare metaphors from sonnets of Shakespeare with the translation of sonnets of Shakespeare of other translators. The working hypothesis suggests that this topic would help Romanian learners to identify common and specific features by comparing peculiarities of translating metaphors in their native language. The esearch objectives of the work are: to examine the main linguistic peculiarities of metaphors; to study more closely the main approaches and types of classifications of metaphors in both languages; to make a linguistic analysis of selected examples and to make statistical analysis of the most interesting cases; to select the most suitable methods and techniques for translating metaphors. We will write a custom essay sample on A contrastive Analysis of translating metaphors or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The research methods applied in the study include: Linguistic analysis of metaphors of Shakespeare; Comparative analysis of metaphors of Shakespeare in English and Romanian languages; Semantic and pragmatic analysis of translation techniques used with etaphors; The research material is based on English and Romanian examples from Shakespeare sonnets,translated by Vasile Voiculescu. The study consists of an, Introduction, Two Chapters, Conclusions, Summary, Appendix and Bibliography. The Introduction provides the main goal, tasks and objectives of the Course Paper. It also includes the methods applied in the study and its practical application. It also includes the structure of the paper and its short description. Chapter l: General Theory Concerning the Notion of Metaphor focuses on the researches tied with the determination of the term metaphor and its main determinations in stylistics. There are many approaches dealing with classifications of metaphors in both English and Romanian languages. Here we may also see the comparison of shortening of two languages and to examine specific groups ot Romanian metaphors suggested by the linguists. And at the end we may see the translation peculiarities of English metaphors into Romanian and some proposed universal techniques. Chapter II: Practical Approach to the problem of Translating Metaphors consists of the analysis of 50 examples of shortenings according to the theoretical preliminaries and by deduces some statistics. It is aimed at underlining some classifications and approaches and by using some methods in translation in practice. In the Conclusion the most significant similarities and differences are mentioned as well as further possibilities for research. In the Summary the main results of the experimental research are stated and it is aimed at expressing the whole message briefly for those who want to find out what the study is about. The Bibliography contains the alphabetical list of the quoted literature (the sources used in the study for theoretical and practical research) and Dictionaries (sources used for hecking grammatical or linguistic mistakes). In the Appendix 50 English and 50 Romanian examples of metaphors are enclosed which served as study material.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
The Goddess Demeter Ã¢â¬â Greek History Essay Free Online Research Papers The Goddess Demeter Greek History Essay Have you ever thought about how it would be if we lived in a world where there was a god for everything? Very long ago, Greeks strongly believed in different kind of gods and goddesses. One of these goddesses was Demeter who provided fertility. Ã¢â¬Å"Demeter provides all nutrition on the earth, allowing her to be considered a vital source of survivalÃ¢â¬ (A.L. Davidson, The Greek Goddess Demeter). Some of her main symbols include poppy seeds, and corn, which of course have to do with agriculture; and some colors, which represent her, are pink, brown, green, and yellow. She also taught mankind the art of sowing and sloughing. Ã¢â¬Å"She can also cross dimensional barriers between worlds and alter her form to appear as an elderly womanÃ¢â¬ (marvunapp.com/Appendix/demeterc.htm). She did not have many enemies, but only disliked the ones who did not help her when she was in search of her daughter Persephone, and also those who ate sacred plants. Demeter was an influential goddess with many characteristics, and a unique history. Demeter had many personality traits and only few flaws. She was the most generous of all goddesses and was very understanding and respectful. That is why she gained the sympathy and favor of the other Olympian gods. Not only she had the their sympathy but beyond that she also had the ability to truly sympathize with humans. In addition Demeter was very modest and shy. One of her flaws is her ability to invoke curses. For instance, Ã¢â¬Å"she cursed King Erysichton with insatiable hunger and endow mystical ability in sorcerers and mystics that know how to call upon her such as CleaÃ¢â¬ (marvunapp.com/Appendix/demeterc.htm). Although Demeter is a goddess, she has a family background. Demeter is the daughter of Cronus and Rhea; also sister of Zeus, Poseidon, Pluto, Hera and Hestia. Ã¢â¬Å"She never marriedÃ¢â¬ (theoi.com/Summary/Demeter.html), but was lovers with her brother Zeus. She had many children but her daughter Persephone was the most known one because of the famous myth. Haides fell in love with Persephone and Zeus helped him to kidnap her from her mother and take her to the Underworld. When Demeter found out that Haides had kidnapped her beloved daughter she became very angry. She searched everywhere for her and even brought Ã¢â¬Å"deadly starvation down upon mankind until Zeus agreed to let her returnÃ¢â¬ (theoi.com/Summary/Demeter.html). Unfortunately when Hermes was sent to the Underworld in search of Persephone, he gave her a pomegranate and Persephone ate it. As a consequence of this, Persephone was forced to stay with Hades for a third of the year. Ã¢â¬Å"Only when Persephone is with her, Demeter lets things growÃ¢â¬ (Micha F. Lindemans, Demeter.) Since agriculture played an important role in Greek history, Demeter was worshipped in many different ways. Particularly, she was worshipped in agricultural societies. Furthermore, the first loaf of bread from the harvest was sacrificed in her honor. Also, Demeter was often portrayed as a solemn woman, often wearing a wreath of braided ears of corn. Some regions were she was worshipped at were Attika, Messenia, and Ena. DemeterÃ¢â¬â¢s primary festival was the Athenian Thesmophoria. It celebrates the half of the year when Demeter didnt work as the goddess of the harvest; she spent this half of the year with her daughter. If we had lived in the ancient Greek times, then Demeter would have been very significant in our lives. Demeter taught humans how to grow, preserve, and prepare grain. Again, earth could not produce without her allowing it. The Greeks experienced that themselves when Persephone was taken away from her mother. Her history is very unique, not only her search for Persephone and the consequences that followed, but also many other myths.Above that. she is the mother of earth itself and is Ã¢â¬Å"invoked as the bringer of the seasonsÃ¢â¬ (Micha F. Lindemans, Demeter.) Research Papers on The Goddess Demeter - Greek History EssayCanaanite Influence on the Early Israelite ReligionMind TravelBook Review on The Autobiography of Malcolm XHarry Potter and the Deathly Hallows EssayComparison: Letter from Birmingham and CritoHonest Iagos Truth through DeceptionWhere Wild and West MeetThe Masque of the Red Death Room meaningsGenetic EngineeringInfluences of Socio-Economic Status of Married Males
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Legal Case Study - Essay Example Generally, death in any manner is a sad thing for the kith and kin of the deceased or dying. Euthanasia or assisted death though relatively new has caused much debate. But TerriÃ¢â¬â¢s case of a person who can not decide whether she wants to continue in a persistent vegetative state. She could not decide or communicate her desire. Hence many ethical issues arose. The personal ethics of her parents and husband were in sharp contrast in the later part of TerrisÃ¢â¬â¢ life. Michael her husband wanted her artificial life support to be withdrawn and the Schindlers, TerriÃ¢â¬â¢s parents did not. They argued it would have been against the wishes of Terri who they claimed to be a devout catholic. The parents were wrong in persisting in their demand even after the courts ruled in favour of Michael and appointed him guardian. The judiciary acted reasonably in the matter. Bouma (2005) opines that Ã¢â¬Å"There are adequate checks and balances in the levels of judicial system, and courts have not acted precipitously or hastily.Ã¢â¬ Yet the Florida Legislature passed a bill authorizing the governor to intervene in TerriÃ¢â¬â¢s case. The law was later struck down by the Supreme Court yet the legislature and executive tried unsuccessfully to decide the fate of a person who can not think for herself, against her implied wish as the courts had decided. The society violated its ethics in that special interest groups tried to influence and decide such a highly personal question of a caretakerÃ¢â¬â¢s decision about life support to a person in a persistent vegetative state. Lastly, the government violated its duty towards the larger majority of people needing medical aid which would have been provided for instead of spending the amount in costly healthcare of an individual whose legal guardian had expressed his desire to stop her artificial life